From learning basic tennis lessons, you may know there are various types of tennis court surfaces, and it’s quite important to have a basic understanding of them. As every court’s features aren’t the same,  there are changes in performance capability accordingly.

Hence, this post on “Tennis court surfaces” is especially helpful for tennis beginners to learn more about these courts. Continue reading on for details!



Introduction To Main Types Of Tennis Courts

Hard Court

Hard court

This court surface is the most popular in modern tennis; the hard ground is versatile and flexible in decorating and drawing. Therefore, you can see more customization in this ground type than in others.

Most hard courts have a similar covering surface like an acrylic layer above the concrete. More specifically, the acrylic is responsible for adjusting the bouncing level. While this court is faster than the clay type, it has a slower bounce than grass.

Clay Court

Clay courts belong to a group of “soft courts” with synthetic turf and grass. When making clay courts, fast-dry surfaces and natural clay are the two main fabrics.

With fast-dry courts, they are mainly made with crushed bricks, stones, and some binder techniques. Meanwhile, natural clay courts use a mixture of silt and sand.

Due to these raw materials, brooming, rolling, and watering clay courts are necessary to give players the perfect surface. However, this type of court isn’t available in winter.

Grass Court


In terms of grass courts, there are two variations: synthetic turf and natural grass. After rain or watering, natural grass dries slower than synthetic one.

It takes many efforts to maintain grass courts, such as regular maintenance, planning, water, proper grass species, and suitable soil conditions in each environment. Still, many people prefer grass courts as they enhance the fast-playing style with the soft surface.

Carpet Court

Normally, people use carpet courts for indoor matches as they are removable. While for outside purposes, this type of court often covers the hardcourt.

A carpet court has a smooth surface with a rubber back. Hence, it offers a consistent bounce level and supports your legs and joints while you play on it.

Extra Tips to Perform On Each Type of Surface

On Clay Court

Tennis balls will have slow and high bouncing on clay surfaces so that performing a topspin with the higher ball will push opponents far away and bring more success.

The next technique for winning the game on clay ground is sliding. A slide will assist you in quickly hit wide, short balls and help you easily get back to your point on the field.

Subsequently, you will gradually gain points and perform loopier shots on clay courts to mentally and physically distract or frustrate the opponents.

On Grass Court

With grass ground, you should get low while hitting balls, as this technique will help produce more topspin and boost more strength. Hence, training your footing to build a stronger core is extremely important while playing on grass courts.

On Carpet and Hard Court

If you can hit spots correctly on your server and quickly finish points on hard ground, you will have more chances to win. However, using the same game style on the different courts is quite difficult.

By finishing points and performing groundstrokes with consistent depth, you can take advantage of carpet or fast hard fields. This style is similar to the one for glass courts.

For slow hard court, players will play with higher bouncing and use the same techniques of the clay-court style.


  1. What Is The Best Type Of Tennis Court?

It is “hard courts.” They are the ideal surface for all tennis players at any level. Specifically, this type offers the best combination of grass and clay courts. On a hard surface, tennis balls fly slower than on grass and faster than on a clay surface.

  1. Which Court Is Most Difficult In Tennis?

According to tennis players on many forums, the hardest surface to play tennis on is clay. When playing on a clay surface, it is quite difficult to change directions, and the distance among points is longer.

  1. What Is The Most Common Tennis Playing Surface In The US?

The most common tennis court surface is hard courts, particularly in the US. In detail, this ground type usually comes with a concrete or asphalt base and has a cover of acrylic color.

  1. What Is The Average Cost Of Building A Tennis Court?

The average cost for building a tennis court is from 25,000$ to 120,000$. To build a half-sized court, you need at least 20,000$.

  1. Why Is Grass Fastest Tennis Surface?

Unlike hard and clay courts, grass blades offer a different rebound level. The grass isn’t as strong and tough as concrete and clay, and the grass surface will bend when a tennis ball touches it. Hence, there will be a lower and faster bounce on this surface.

  1. Why Do They Put Sand On Tennis Courts?

Slicing is a vital technique for tennis players, and sand will help them perform easily without falling and slipping. Therefore, sand is an important factor to protect athletes from getting injuries.

Tennis Court Surfaces: Final Thoughts

You now can understand the differences among all popular tennis court surfaces. However, do not forget to note down all the important information about playing style on each ground.

We believe that you will have more chances of winning your tennis matches after reading our post. For further details and questions, please share with us through our comment box. Thank you for reading, and good luck!